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Table of contents
- News and Views from the Global South
- Non-state actors and the changing nature of conflict
- Pokemon Let's Go | Change Pokemon Nature Via Madam Celadon
While people are familiar with the threats to whales, elephants and other beloved animals, the problem goes far deeper than that. Animal populations have declined by 60 percent since , driven by human actions, according to a recent World Wildlife Fund study.
- Lets Learn About...Farm Animals! (Curious Toddler Book Book 8).
- Non-state actors and the changing nature of conflict | Ditchley Foundation;
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- Technology is changing our relationship with nature as we know it.
And insects, vital to the diets of other animals, as well as the pollinators of our food, are facing a bleak future as populations appear to be collapsing. Land use changes and increased pesticide use are destroying habitats and vastly reducing numbers.
In Europe, up to 37 percent of bees and 31 percent of butterflies are in decline , with major losses also recorded in southern Africa, according to the pollinators section of the report. This destruction is also driving mass human migration and increased conflict. According to IPBES, indigenous communities often know best how to conserve nature and are better placed than scientists to provide detailed information on environmental change.
News and Views from the Global South
Brazil — which nationwide hosts about 42, plant species, 9, species of vertebrates and almost , invertebrates — has an indigenous population of almost , people, says the report. Indigenous people, however, continue to experience discrimination, threats and murder. In offering practical options for future action, they want to show that it is not too late to slow down or even reverse degradation. The authors are expected to say in their conclusions that to avoid disaster, existing laws will have to be enforced, and further regulations put on, for example, deforestation and overfishing.
Reports already published have also called for better protection of pollinators, tighter control of invasive species and greater public awareness of the decline in nature. They will also recognize that individual and community actions to plant trees, regenerate abandoned lands and protect nature can have a major positive impact.
Non-state actors and the changing nature of conflict
Many other solutions to save nature have been put forward by individuals and countries. Veteran biologist E. Wilson proposed that half the Earth needs to be protected to have any hope of avoiding disaster. Several countries are taking bold initiatives to restore land, both to help meet climate targets and to protect and enhance biodiversity. Meanwhile, the U. Environment program has reported a surge in the number and size of marine protected areas. Public awareness of the crisis is also growing, with new social movements setting up to put pressure on governments to act urgently.
The Extinction Rebellion movement, which began in London in October, argues that we face an unprecedented emergency. Bird eggs must hatch when food, such as insects, is plentiful. Therefore, the timing of hatchling birth and insect abundance have co-evolved to be synchronous, or matched. If climate change alters these environmental cues then bird phenology will shift, but what about the phenology of the insects that the birds prey upon? Will hatchling emergence and insect abundance continue to be matched, or will climate change alter them differently and mismatch highly co-evolved predator — prey interactions?
Latimer is part of the growing community science movement. Representing those that are typically not trained as scientist, but who contribute to s cience and humanity nonetheless. However, what seems to be lacking is a broader discussion on how community science data is going to be used and analyzed. One complication is the shear enormity of the data. Just Latimer alone recorded some , entries! Furthermore, what is the quality of the data and who is going to analyze them?
The logical answer is scientists and professors at public institutions, yet funding and resource limitations often makes this near impossible. It is with such thoughts in mind that led me to the following question:. My recent exposure to the open data science communities at Medium and publications within provides an interesting perspective on this question, as it shows that there is no shortage of talented data scientists eager to play with novel datasets.
This is by no means exhaustive, as the intent is to introduce the data scientists to the environmental data and, in turn, introduce the community scientists to some basic analytics in R.
The hope is that this handshake transpires into collaborations consumed with open data and sophisticated analyses. Data first look and date formate. Install the following R libraries and load them. The data are impressive! Over a 32 year span, Latimer manually collected 10, phenology observations.
Along with the date recorded, Latimer and colleague Nanninga added 9 other variables e.
This is just the start, our dataset stops at while Latimer continues to record phenology observations to this day! However, scientists typically use Julian day format to provide a continuous count of the days starting at January 1st each year. Each year will contain days or days if a leap year. A quick look at the data shows that Latimer did not record observations daily. This makes sense as plants are dormant in the winter and birds migrate seasonally. The data include observations on plants, birds and other animals. To get a feel for the plant species observed use the following:.
This produces a table with plant common name and the number of observations Latimer made for that species. Below is the table for the first 10 entries. We can see from the above table that some species have numerous observation while others less so. Madam Celadon's predictions will not affect the Pokemon in your party or Pokemon Box.
They only influence the Pokemon you will catch after she makes her predictions. Madam Celadon's two questions will determine the Nature of the Pokemon you'll catch within the day. The first determines which stat will increase and the 2nd will determine which stat will decrease.
Pokemon Let's Go | Change Pokemon Nature Via Madam Celadon
The first question Madam Celadon asks will determine which stat will be increased while the 2nd question determines which stat will be lowered. Choosing a red flower in the first choice will increase the Pokemon's Attack stat, while choosing a yellow flower in the 2nd choice will lower a Pokemon's Defense statistic.